Author Archive | David Hogg

Prof Paul Worley – Rural Health Commissioner for Australia

In a really interesting development for rural health internationally, Australia has appointed its first Rural Health Commissioner.

Charged with the responsibility of overseeing and driving a wide range of activities around supporting ‘rural generalism’ the post offers a chance to provide more co-ordinated leadership across domains, regions and disciplines to make rural health strategy more cohesive in Australia.

Professor Paul Worley has been appointed as the first Rural Health Commissioner and this move has been widely welcomed across the rural health community.  He brings an impressive portfolio of experience to the post, including in clinical, academic, educational and strategic development aspects of rural health.  You can watch Dr David Gillespie MP announce the post, and Prof Worley outline some of his visions for the future (at 5min 55s), in the video below.

Twitter and other social networks – including the WONCA Working Party on Rural Health international email list – have been buzzing with positivity about the new post, and it is likely that this approach might pave the way for similar developments in other countries.

In Scotland, we are watching developments with interest.  Rural medicine and health services are of significant importance in Scotland’s National Health Service – 98% of Scotland’s land mass is rural, and 18% of Scotland’s population live in a rural area, with many more flocking to rural areas during holidays.  And yet despite considerable aspects of medical care being delivered by GPs and primary care teams, within community hospitals, A&E units and facilities outwith the usual remit of GPs, there continues to be relatively little in the way of co-ordinated clinical governance and strategic unity to link rural and isolated practitioners together.  These services provided by rural GPs remain considered to be on the ‘fringes’ of general medical practice.  Therefore the opportunities created by appointing an experienced individual to provide leadership, stimulate innovation and inspire positive approaches, are sorely needed in areas other than Australia.

Having met Paul at the WONCA World Rural Health conference in Cairns this year, I’m delighted to hear this news and inspired to think that this is a situation to watch closely.  I have little doubt that we will be reflecting that Scotland could benefit from a similar approach in the near future.

Well done Australia, and all the folks involved in making this happen.  These are exciting times.

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AProf Bruce Chater on Dr MacLeod and #ruralwonca

Today RuralGP.com highlighted the tribute speech given by Associate Prof Bruce Chater to the life and work of Dr John MacLeod of Lochmaddy in Scotland.

I was delighted to catch up with Prof Chater after his speech, to ask him more about Dr MacLeod’s work with Rural WONCA, how the WONCA Working Party for Rural Practice is progressing, and also for some advice to younger rural doctors on how to effect change in their own communities.

You can listen to the recording below…

 

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The legend of Dr John MacLeod remembered at #ruralwonca

Today’s #ruralwonca programme includes a keynote delivered by Associate Professor Bruce Chater: the Dr John MacLeod Oration.

Dr MacLeod was a legend in the world of WONCA and an inspirational rural GP.  I regret that I never had the opportunity to meet him; my own career in rural practice was just starting when he died and whilst a student experience in the Hebrides (Stornoway) was an inspiring part of my own interest in rural practice,  my travels didn’t take me to Lochmaddy.  I was running the RuralGP.com site at the time of his death, however, and you can read more about Dr MacLeod in the obituary, eulogy and tribute that were published at the time by Dr James Douglas and Dr John Wynn-Jones.

His legacy in the WONCA World Working Party on Rural Practice is evident, and I’m looking forward to hearing more from Prof Chater’s perspective in his keynote today.

Dr Sarah Chalmers

In the last few days I also met Sarah Chalmers.  When Sarah was a medical student, she experienced an elective with Dr MacLeod and I was delighted to be able to ask her more about her experience in this podcast.  Coincidentally, she had arranged another elective which had fallen through, and it was a chance conversation at a student event with Prof Chater which led to him emailing Dr MacLeod and thus the elective was set up in Lochmaddy instead!

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Protective personality traits for LICs

Assoc Professor Diann Eley

Today I attended a session at #ruralwonca which was delivered by Associate Professor Diann Eley from the University of Queensland on the role of personality traits on student experience of Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships.

Diann has gained considerable experience in this area, and specifically on how best to support and mentor students effectively whilst encouraging them to reflect on their own personalities – and how that impacts on their clinical decision-making.

I was delighted that Diann gave me a few minutes of her time after her presentation to discuss this in more detail, particularly as this work is highly relevant to the development of LICs in Scotland.

You can listen to our discussion here:

 

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A word with the Auzzies at #ruralwonca

At lunchtime today I was delighted to catch up with Australian rural doctors John Hall, Aaron Sparshott and Katie Chang.  I asked them about their experience of the conference, their current careers and a bit about the success of the Australian Rural Generalist Pathway.

 

John, Aaron, Katie around a typically chilled-out kangaroo that we found in the exhibition hall.

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Clinical courage: an evolving concept crucial to rural practice

I was introduced to the concept of clinical courage when attending an International Rural Research Symposium last year at Tromso University in Norway.  Dr Lucie Walters, of Flinders University in Australia, ran an enthralling workshop about some work that she and her team are doing to quantify and understand what we mean and can learn from clinical courage, particularly in the context of professional isolation and delivery of rural health services.

It’s a concept that seems to resonate easily with rural health practitioners, particularly rural GPs.  Despite this, there is relatively little that I have found to expand on the concept.  Two very helpful resources are a “President’s Message. Clinical Courage” by Dr John Wooton (found in Can J Rural Med 2011; 16(2)) and two comments from Peter Dunlop and Keith MacLellan in the followup issue (found in Can J Rural Med 2011; 16(3)).  The latter comment introduces another concept of ‘learned helplessness’, and I suspect that this will be of increasing importance as debate evolves regarding the fragmentation of undergraduate curriculums and the need to consider generalist undifferentiated training versus teaching in more specialist settings.

So, I was delighted to be asked to participate in an interview run by two of the Flinders University students Ella and Laura who are assisting with the project, whilst here in Cairns at the WONCA World Rural Health Conference.  They interviewed me, and they kindly agreed to me interviewing them!

You can hear about their experiences of medical teaching so far, and also more about the concept of clinical courage in the audio clip below:

 

Ella and Laura, 2nd year medical students at Flinders University

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Voices from #ruralwonca: Day 1

Yesterday I caught up with several delegates attending the WONCA World Rural Health conference being held in Cairns, Australia over the next few days.

Hear more about their backgrounds and why they have come to #ruralwonca by clicking on the interviews… and please don’t be shy if you are asked for a similar clip over the next few days.

Thanks to Dr Minh Le Cong of the Flying Doctors Service, who provided a much-needed-but-forgotten cable to make these interviews possible!

Dr Sophia Åman, Sweden

 


Dr Sergius Onwukwe, South Africa

 


Dr Karen Flegg, Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Dr Pratyush Kumar, India

Pratyush has an important job: he is organising next year’s WONCA World Rural Health conference in New Delhi, in April 2018.  Hear a bit more about how the planning for that is going.  You can visit the website for the conference here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Dr David Hogg, Scotland

Karen decided I should be on the other end of the microphone too, so how could I possibly decline!

 

 

 

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#RuralGPframed – bringing rural healthcare into focus

Check the end of this article for tweets and images that have been posted online since the hashtag went live… and you can also now view most of the photos from the #ruralGPframed series at gallery.ruralGP.com too

Image from W Eugene Smith’s “A Country Doctor”.  LIFE Magazine, 1948.

the best camera is the one you have with you

1948 saw the beginning of the National Health Service in the UK.  Many of its principles were based on the development of the Highlands & Islands (Scotland) Medical Service which was launched in 1913 following the publication of the Dewar Report into the challenges of rural healthcare in Scotland – and many consider the Dewar Report to be the blueprint of today’s NHS.

1948 was also a key moment in photojournalism, when LIFE Magazine featured the photography of W Eugene Smith. His photoessay of the work of Colorado country doctor Ernest Ceriani became a benchmark for photojournalism, and remains an iconic reference in the power of photography to provide perspective and insight. A YouTube presentation of the article is available too.

Since then, photography and photojournalism has evolved significantly.   Nearly everyone now has a quality camera-phone in their pocket.  The development of digital photography has resulted in the limits of photography being confined only to battery power, memory card space, and creativity.

Dr Greg Hamill (Arran GP) and Dr Stephen Hearns (Consultant, Emergency Medical Retrieval Service) work together using ultrasound-guided vascular access in an acutely unwell patient. (Patient consent obtained).  iPhone; 2017.

And yet, some would argue that this has had the effect of devaluing the art of good photography.  Paradoxically, because photography is within such easy reach, we sometimes fail to document episodes of experience – either as we assume someone else will be, or the immediacy of image capture devalues the art of composition, style and creative depiction.  And because so many images are produced (Facebook estimates that over 300 million photos are uploaded to its website every day), it is likely that great images fail to get the recognition and prominence that they deserve.

In just over a month’s time, I will be running a ‘Practical Tips’ session at the Rural WONCA conference in Cairns, Australia – on The Visible Rural GP: developing an image bank for modern rural practice.  The idea for this evolved through a personal interest in photography and its journalistic role, an interest in ‘how do we represent rural practice to potential rural GPs’ and awareness of projects such as  Document Scotland – just one inspirational project that aims to “photograph the important and diverse stories within Scotland at one of the most important times in our nation’s history”.

A tick that I removed from a patient who presented to our Arran War Memorial Hospital one summer weekend oncall. (Assumed consent from tick).  Canon 60D, with reversed 50mm; August 2016.

Perhaps we should be considering the need for presenting inspiring, accurate visual representations of rural practice today.

And so today, in the run-up to Rural WONCA 2017, I am committing to share (via Twitter, using the hashtag #RuralGPframed) at least one photo per day, from my own images, that depicts an aspect of rural practice.

I would be delighted for others to join me.  The more images that we can collect and share, to represent the stimulation, challenge and professional satisfaction of rural practice, the more insight that others – including potential rural GPs – will have into the opportunities that rural practice can offer.

Dr Kate Dawson (GP, Benbecula) and Dr Charlie Siderfin (GP, Orkney) during a valuable opportunity to get together and discuss research opportunities in rural practice.  Fujifilm XT1; January 2017.

What about video?

‘A picture is worth a thousand words’ but video often allows a narrative and mood to be more easily captured.  Video is important, and submissions of video are welcomed to this project.

Please remember, explicit consent is required for any footage featuring patients or anything related to them. Creativity  is welcomed!

#RuralGPframed

(search Twitter)

4/4/17 Update

Within 24 hours of this post going live, we’ve had an amazing amount of coverage across the world, particularly our Australian confreres.  Keep them coming!  Here’s just a few of the tweets that we’ve picked up on the hashtag…

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Scotland’s Mobile Simulation Unit – our experience on Arran

In January 2017 the team at Arran Medical Group and Arran War Memorial Hospital hosted a visit from the NHS Education for Scotland Mobile Skills Unit (MSU) – or ‘Skills Bus’ as some folk refer to it. In case you haven’t seen it: the MSU is a lorry, which expands into a workshop area where patient simulation scenarios can be run from a separate control room (also on the lorry). This setup enables a modern simulation facility to be delivered anywhere in Scotland – particularly rural areas – as it only requires a flat piece of land and an electricity hook-up similar to most caravans.

The skills unit just needs a flat area of ground, and an electricity hook-up. We were grateful to Scottish Fire & Rescue for hosting the unit at Lamlash Community Fire Station.

The folks at the Managed Educational Network (MEN) at NHS Education for Scotland (NES) [don’t worry, the acronyms will stop soon!] are keen for awareness to be raised about the unit, particularly its benefits to rural teams. We hope this description of our experience will encourage others to consider arranging a visit with the associated teaching that can often be organised to coincide.

Stop Press 8/9/17 – we were delighted to learn yesterday that the Arran NHS team were awarded the Gordon Nixon Award for this emergency training week. For more details see this page or watch the video below…

Tell me more about the unit…

The MSU operates from its base in Tayside, and can be booked by contacting the MEN team. At the time of writing, Lynn Hardie is overseeing the unit’s bookings and couldn’t have been more helpful in organising for its delivery to Arran for a week.

Once the unit is set up and expanded by the driver, who usually returns the same day back to their base following delivery, there is a large teaching area which comfortably seats up to 12 people. The unit has heating and lighting, and offers a comfortable teaching space.

The unit can be set up – using the James-Bond style concealed TV – to deliver didactic teaching presentations. Whilst this is its most basic of functions, there are some areas in Scotland which will will find this to be a useful function as part of a more comprehensive course.

However, the main purpose of the Unit is by using its SimMan, SimJunior or SimBaby, along with various provided medical paraphernalia, to enable a wide range of patient assessment simulations to be carried out. The unit has been custom-built: its layout enables pragmatic connection points for the mannequins; there is a separate control room set up with appropriate control software; and an impressive ‘SMOTS’ video system records scenarios from three different angles. This is useful both for monitoring progress through a simulation, as well as for playback during scenario feedback.

This sounds a bit complex

The kit is certainly modern, technically impressive, and requires familiarisation. However the MEN runs excellent (and free) Faculty Development Courses (FDC) – usually at the Scottish Simulation Centre in Larbert – to introduce potential hosts to the simulation equipment and also the daily setup and operation of the unit.

We found the FDC to be fun, interesting and useful – not only for the operation of the unit but for generic skills in running simulations and delivering effective feedback.

The unit also comes with relatively idiot-proof set up instructions, as well as an A-Z guide of equipment and a very helpful troubleshooting guide. This is all covered in the FDC and the MSU team also make themselves available by phone to help sort out any urgent problems during a visit.

OK, but who can we get to help us?

Dr Mark Davidson, Consultant with the ScotSTAR paediatric team, was one of several skilled colleagues who provided excellent teaching during the week.

The unit can be used by confident local teams to deliver training, however we would highly recommend requesting input from the ScotSTAR transfer teams who are often able to provide outreach support for rural training visits. In our case, over the duration of a week, we allocated Monday & Tuesday for paediatric acute care, Wednesday for obstetric emergencies, and Thursday & Friday for adult acute care. For this we were able to enlist the excellent help of the ScotSTAR Paediatric Retrieval Team, the Scottish Multiprofessional Maternity Development Programme (SMMDP) and EMRS (Emergency Medical Retrieval Service) who each came to Arran and delivered excellent teaching – including simulation sessions – during their stay.

In addition we invited a number of clinicians at Crosshouse Hospital – to whom we usually refer our cases – and their involvement was crucial both in clarifying local protocols and also understanding some of the challenges that we face in the rural and community hospital setting when referring to them and their teams.

How did it go?

Our local fire station provided excellent additional presentation space to run workshops, lectures and ample catering facilities.

We found that smaller groups worked best for simulation sessions. We also benefitted from the free use of our Lamlash Community Fire Station (who also kindly provided electricity and additional training space) as well as a daily donation of snacks and food for our Faculty from the Co-op.

Over the week the programme progressed through paediatric, obstetric and adult sessions. We allocated 10-14 clinicians into each morning or afternoon session, usually splitting them up into two groups to alternate between simulation and workshop training. We also held lunchtime ‘drop-in’ update sessions on topics such as sepsis, DKA (diabetic ketoacidosis), drug overdose and ECG interpretation; and we invited our First Responders to an evening of simulation too.

We delivered over 540 training hours during the week to Arran’s GPs, nurses, nursing assistants and paramedics/technicians, and collated feedback using SurveyMonkey – which was generally very positive and indicated an enthusiasm for doing more simulation training in the future.

What went particularly well?

Multidisciplinary colleagues worked together in simulations, and this reflected the nature of work on Arran in our community hospital.

Our teams enjoyed working in the same multi-disciplinary setup that we usually work in. For example, at our community hospital, it is common for a GP, two nurses, a nursing assistant and paramedics to continue working on an emergency case on arrival at the hospital, and we emulated this in teaching scenarios. The quality and experience of our Faculty – comprising experienced consultants, nurses and paramedics – was clearly appreciated by participants, along with the relevance of the teaching.

Prior to the training week, we surveyed our colleagues to identify what they felt were priority areas for development. As expected, sepsis and acute coronary syndrome were low down the priorities – there has already been a focus on these areas in our hospital (and nationally) over the last few years. Higher up were – obstetric emergencies, unresponsive/hypoxic children, severe asthma, drug overdose and major trauma; and so these were the areas that we focussed our training on this year.

During the week we kept a ‘Great Ideas’ board updated using post-it notes, to capture great suggestions and points for further consideration following the course. Collating this at the end of the week provided not only a snapshot of over 40 learning outcomes, but a great range of action points for implementation, as a result of discussion during the week.

What would we have done differently?

Based on feedback, we might have built in more time for skills stations – for example airway management, NG tube placement, chest drain insertion and femoral line access. There is equipment to provide this training on the Unit, however we opted to focus on more simulation training for our week.

Any further efforts to keep groups small and reflective of typical team configurations would have had benefits too, although the feedback indicated that most of the time this was achieved.

We also found – as do organisers of similar training – that running a week can be tiring!  Inevitably, there is a bit of running around before and during the week, to sort out equipment, printing documents and keeping a track on the programme.  Two of us kept an eye on this, and our advice to anyone considering running a training week would include the importance of running the week as a team, with adequate time to oversee the logistics!

What about funding?

We used local training funding to free up time in order for two Arran clinicians to attend the Faculty Development Course, as well as some admin time required before, during and after the training week. Funding was also identified for GP locums – and this, combined with restricted leave during the week – meant that we were able to maintain normal service whilst maximising participation in the training scenarios.

The crucial advantage that we had by involving ScotSTAR teams is that they were able to fund their input via their own team outreach budgets – this is centrally funded with the aim of supporting rural clinicians, and so the conversion factor between local funding and the ‘worth’ of the week was 3-4 (i.e. we gained nearly four times as much value from the local funding required to organise the week).

Interested?

The SMMDP programme ran a fantastic, relevant- and fun – one day course on obstetric emergencies for us. Twenty staff from all disciplines attended.

David Hogg (GP) and Ailsa Weir (Senior Charge Nurse) oversaw the week of training. We can both be contacted via Arran War Memorial Hospital if you wish to find out more about our week. Lynn Hardie (Mobile Skills Unit Project Officer) was instrumental in organising the unit to be available, and our attendance at the Faculty Development Course. Lynn’s contact details are available on the MEN website.

In terms of team contacts, Sandra Stark (Nurse Consultant, ScotSTAR Paediatric Team) and Kate Silk (Programme Administrator at SMMDP) were our key links and very helpful in setting up the training. Every rural area in Scotland has an EMRS ‘link consultant’ and this should be the route that EMRS involvement is requested. In our case we were grateful to Dr Drew Inglis and Dr Doug Maxwell for their input.

If you are keen to consider a visit to your local area, contact the MSU team in the first instance, and they will be able to advise on availability, and advise on how to set up an appropriate programme of training.

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Review: BASICS Scotland Smartphone App

A few years ago I downloaded the BASICS Scotland App.  Offering the ability to record patient demographics, observations and interventions in real time on a smartphone seemed like a useful idea.

Initially, however, the app proved to be a bit buggy… and the only way of sending on the information was in a difficult-to-understand stream of text in an email.  It was a good first effort, but it wasn’t quite reliable enough for retaining vital information and the end result was a report that needed some time to decipher.  The app occasionally crashed, for example when entering a patient’s BM.

Things have changed, however, and I recently tried using the updated version on a number of calls.  I’m pleased to have discovered that the bugs have resolved, and the Patient Report Form (PRF) generated at the end is much easier to follow.  Patient data is now exported into a well-formatted Adobe PDF file.  This can be emailed directly from the app, to BASICS Scotland and to your NHSmail address.  In fact it can be sent to any email address, but the sensible advice is to use a secure system such as NHSmail.

Importantly, the app does not need connectivity at the time of use – using it in a typical rural area with limited or no connection will not pose any difficulty, and information can be easily stored until you get to an area that offers a connection with which to email the completed data.

Why are the PRFs important?

View a sample PRF PDF

It is vital for BASICS Scotland to get feedback from any BASICS calls, and unfortunately there is a relatively low completion rate.  Information about emergency calls helps to inform future training, contribute evidence of the value of BASICS Scotland care, and keeps the Sandpiper Trust informed and enthused about providing ongoing equipment support to responders.

Of course, you can still use the paper forms (just contact BASICS Scotland if you need any) and post them back to the office.  Some responders will prefer to continue (or start!) to use these… however with the latest app improvements, you might find it easier than ever to quickly submit a PRF at the end of a job: both for your own medicolegal and appraisal records, as well as providing this vital feedback to the BASICS Scotland office.

 What else does the app do?

As well as enabling PRF data collection, and collating this into an easy-to-read PDF document, the app contains a wide range of useful resources such as contact details, a ‘find my local hospital’ for any responders who are less familiar with their patch (or perhaps providing locum cover), clinical procedure guides, an equipment checklist and direct access to the BASICS Scotland training videos – which cover everything from cricothyroidotomy, ALS algorithms and use of a pelvic sling.

Opportunistic learning has never been more important, and as busy GPs, paramedics or nurses, having all this information and learning material to hand is a big step forward for responder support.

The app is free to member responders, and the initial download can be obtained from the BASICS Scotland website.  It is available for iOS and Android platforms, and updates are automatically pushed to your phone.  The office will help if you have any difficulties logging in or setting up the app.

What was that about low completion rate?

We know that responders are busy professionals.  However, BASICS Scotland really needs decent feedback to ensure it learns effectively from the calls that responders are attending: details help to inform future training content, clinical governance support and kit development.  PRFs should, ideally, be completed for calls – including emergency calls that might initially bypass Ambulance Control, which is a common scenario in more rural areas.  The PRF form allows accurate recording of pertinent call details for medicolegal purposes and personal audit, but also shapes what equipment is rolled out to responders by the Sandpiper Trust.

Pads of PRF forms are easily available by contacting the BASICS Scotland office – or as the article above highlights, can be quickly generated from data entered to the BASICS responder app.

Whilst we’re on this topic – did you know that BASICS Scotland can arrange helpful bag checks via phone or videoconferencing?  An experienced member of the BASICS team can remotely go through your kit check with you, and make immediate arrangements for replacement of expired or missing stock.  To arrange this, simply contact the office directly.

If you’d like to take a look and download the app for yourself, visit this section of the BASICS Scotland website.

Enter patient observations here (can be done multiple times under different time stamps)

Some of the different sections of the electronic PRF.

Sample PRF generation within the app

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